Network Engineers, also known as computer network architects, have the essential skills to focus on high-level designing, planning, implementing, and monitoring the computer network that supports voice, data, video, and wireless network services. Network Engineers goal is to confirm the integrity of the high availability network infrastructure to provide optimal performance for their users.
Types of Network
A Network Engineer works with a variety of network types like:
- LAN – Local Area Network
- MAN – Metropolitan Area Network
- WAN – Wide Area Network
- WLAN -Wireless Local Area Network
- GAN – Global Area Network
- SAN – Storage/System/Server/Small Area Network
- CAN – Campus/Controller/Cluster Area Network
- PAN – Personal Area Network
- DAN – Desk Area Network
- VoIP – Voice Over Internet Protocol Network
Job responsibilities of a Network Engineer
The network engineer’s job description varies, as it relies upon on whether or not the activity focuses on engineering a new network or on an already existing network. Although some of their job responsibilities overlap with that of network administrators, they have more decision-making responsibilities.
Following are some of their responsibilities.
- They need to maintain and control computer networks and related computing environments together with structures software, programs software, hardware, and configurations.
- They need to troubleshoot, diagnose and resolve software, hardware, and other network and system problems.
- Have to layout the design and implementation of new solutions and improve the resilience of the modern surroundings.
- Must perform disaster recovery operations and record backups when required.
- They need to monitor overall network performance to decide if changes want to be made.
- Must carry out the configuration of routing and switching equipment.
Network engineers also establish, develop, and maintain computer networks between organizations. They need to provide support to all users, including team members and clients and fix any issues that occur. They may also have to design new networks.
Engineers provide support for system installation and define, document, and put into effect system standards. They secure network systems by setting up and applying policies, and define and oversees access.
Engineers must hold discussions with network customers and resolve present system problems. If required, they would need to replace the defective network hardware components. For network optimization, they schedule upgrades and partner with network architects.
They also configure firewalls and hosted IP voice services. Architects must be able to assess where there would be the requirement for communications, devise plans for the network, submit them to senior management for approval, and be abreast of the latest developments in the technological arena. Engineers need to comprehend and zero in on the wiring and hardware requirements for the premises of their organizations or clients. They are also responsible for improving or maximizing the network’s performance.
Engineers choose the relevant data communications components and configure them to meet the requirements of their users.
Education Qualifications and Other Requirements
To become a Network engineer, one should have a bachelor’s degree in computer science or any other information technology related field. They should have a solid understanding of the network infrastructure and hardware. Engineers should be able to think through problems and provide solutions for them. They need to learn quickly about new technology and product related things. They should have had experience in network security, LAN, and WAN. Engineers must be able to work with all levels of staff within and outside of IT.
IT pros skilled in the areas of networking are always in demand in trending marketplaces. They need to have one of the following specialized networking certifications to stand out in the competition.
- CCIE (Cisco)
- CCNP (Cisco)
- JNCIE-ENT (Juniper)
- Network+ (CompTIA)
- WCNA (Wireshark)
The featured top five certifications represent all fundamental ranges of networking process roles, from the access (Network+) to the expert degree (CCIE).
Engineers should have solid analytical and problem-solving skills. They should also have excellent written and verbal communication skills.
Those who want to become wireless network engineers need to have experience in wireless equipment, protocols, standards, and wireless LAN design. They should have specialized in wireless technologies, including WiMax, Wi-Fi, and WAP. They should ideally gain a professional certification like the Certified Wireless Network Professional (CWNP).
A wireless network engineer researches, designs, deploys a wireless network and suggests recommendations for optimizing and upgrading wireless networks to meet the requirements of organizations. They should carry out and document radio frequency (RF) site surveys and coverage and document infrastructure and design of networks.
Prospects for Network Engineers
As businesses increasingly invest in SD-WAN, security, virtualization, and cloud computing, network engineers must focus on programming, security, storage, and systems, besides routing and switching.
If they gain relevant experience, they can advance to become senior network managers or take up other network management positions.
The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) expects job opportunities for computer network architects to increase six percent during the period 2016-2026, which is around the average for all occupations. Their demand will increase as most organizations plan to increase the size of their IT networks.
Network Engineers are exposed to a lot of new technologies. If they gain expertise, there are any number of opportunities for them, as they are crucial players for most of the large organizations.
Network Engineer’s Salary
The average salary of a Network engineer is $71,084 per year in the United States, according to payscale.com. Freelancers in this profession can earn about $28.42 per hour.
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