Systems Architect

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Security Architects design, create and monitor the deployment of an organization’s network and computer security. To achieve this, these individuals build complex security systems and ensure that they function properly. They are responsible for the maintenance of the entire information systems security of an organization.

They need to be aware of how hackers operate to preempt their moves. Work flexible hours whenever the need arises. Often, former hackers become Information Technology Architects as they understand how hackers think and operate.

There are different types of computer security (cyber security), such as information security, application security, disaster recovery, and network security

Information security entails prevention of information theft by hackers who illegally gain access to systems.

Included in application security are techniques used during the life-cycle of the development to shield applications from threats that make their way through defects in implementation, development, application design, and upgrading/maintenance.

When planning for disaster recovery, architects must prioritize dangers, conduct risk assessments, and devise recovery strategies to recuperate when a disaster strikes. All organizations should have a solid fallback plan for recovering from disaster and resuming normal operations soon after it gets revived.

Included in network security are measures to protect the way a network can be used reliably and safely. A network is secured by focusing on different types of threats, such as viruses, adware, malware, spyware, use of firewalls to prevent illegal access it, and zero-day attacks.

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Job Description:

When they join an organization, Security Architects understand their systems thoroughly. Following that, they research, plan, and devise resilient security mechanisms. They carry out risk assessments, test for vulnerabilities, perform security evaluations, research security systems and standards and authentication protocols to offer proper security solutions. Architects state requirements for routers, LANs (local area networks), WANs (wide area networks), firewalls, VPNs (virtual private networks), and other susceptible network devices.

Moreover, they need to strategize public key infrastructures (PKIs), including the use of digital signatures and certification authorities (CAs). Architects examine and certify installations of servers, routers, VPNs, and firewall, among others. They inspect final security mechanisms to confirm that they are functioning as they should.

Architects also need to monitor and guide the security team, and outline, implement and take ownership of an organization’s security policies and processes. Finally, they ensure that security systems are updated and upgraded as per requirements, and educate users on security issues.

Whenever issues related to security arise, they should take measures to resolve them immediately and document these processes for future use.

Future for Security Architects

As the role of IT Architects is critical, they will continue to be in demand for enterprises and organizations of all hues. In fact, their numbers will grow as new technologies are adopted, and more people embrace smartphones and mobile devices.

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), jobs for Information Security Analysts are estimated to grow 28 percent during the period 2016-2026, which is way higher than the average for all job profiles.

Educational requirements for Security Architects

Since Security Architect is classified a managerial position, an aspirant must have a bachelor’s degree in computer sciences or cyber security, with at least five years’ experience in computer security.

Additionally, they should have knowledge of authentication technologies, risk management, assessment procedures, and security attack pathologies, Windows, Unix or Linux operating systems, and network security and architecture, among others.

As they will need to interact with different teams, they should have strong written and oral communication skills.

Certifications that employers look for in IT Architects include the CISM (Certified Information Security Manager), CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional), and CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker).

Aspirants must also know that a lot of new technologies have made their way into security architectures. As architects identify problems and devise improved solutions for others to work in a more secure manner, besides creating security systems to support an organization’s business practices and internal processes, they need to take into consideration factors outside of technology to comprehend the danger posed to assets.

They need to keep themselves well-informed about emerging technologies in order to forecast threats that may arise in the future. It is all the more important with the rising number of frameworks for programming and the addition of new tools to enhance productivity. Since businesses will continue scaling up operations and more tech-savvy people will be entering the marketplace, there is a need to be prepared for deploying scalable and improved solutions that are more long-lasting.

Moreover, in cyber security, programming languages are being used frequently to develop tools for automating assignments, such as to test how secure websites will react when pitted against SQL injections and monitoring and analyzing logs.

It can be safely averred that the importance of information assurance (IA), which entails measures that need to be taken to protect computer systems and networks, will only increase further.    

Earnings of Security Architects

The average annual salary of a Security Architect is $123,448 in the United States, according to Meanwhile, freelancers can earn $70.79 per hour.  


If you are looking for employment as a freelance IT Security Architect in the Global Freelance Marketplace, visit It is a marketplace where employers hunt for appropriate candidates. Around 40,000 engineers of various fields in 170 countries have registered here, making it easy for employers to search for the right fits.

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