A system administrator is a professional who is held accountable for network setup, annual server maintenance such as mail servers and file servers, and much more. Based upon an organization’s requirements and other IT-related infrastructure, a system administrator is tasked with providing a reliable work environment, particularly whereby multi-user computers are associated with the LAN network.
System Administrator requirements include an in-depth understanding of computer software, hardware, and networks. The IT System Administrator has to design, organize, modify and support the organization’s computer systems. These professionals have to upgrade and manage the software and hardware. The IT System Administrator should handle any issues related to Local Area Networks (LAN), Wide Area Networks, and Network segments. It is the System Administrator who maintains operating systems, business applications, security tools, web-servers, email, laptop, and desktop PCs.
In an organization, every task that is performed by the system administrator requires an uninterrupted internet connection, which is maintained by the system administrator. For example, the successful sending and receiving of work emails happen only when mail servers are working fine. Similarly, the file server is a hub for saving and managing the data and, it supports the data usage by other computers that are using the same network.
The primary task of the System Administrator is system monitoring. Usually, the professional take care of new accounts set-up and active directory administration. They keep track of the server performance and create designs for computer systems. They are responsible for running reports on system performance. An IT system Administrator is responsible to optimize and lead process improvement.
The System Administrator will collaborate and offer necessary technical support for firewall and network system. These professionals take charge of the staff, user credentials, and frameworks. They will make sure that the systems are safe and secure from breaches or viruses. System Administrators plays an essential role in risk mitigation planning. They design and implement training for staff.
The details outlined above, proves that system administrators are incredibly valuable for businesses. In order to acquire the best administrators as freelancers, businesses can sign-up for Field Engineer, a global freelance marketplace for engineers. Skip the hassle, time and money needed to search for a IT system administrator and instead select from over 40,000 engineers all over the world.
A System Administrator job description involves ensuring that the peripheral systems are in proper working condition. IT system administrators have to quickly arrange for replacement or resolve the issues in case of any hardware failure. They have to create file systems and manage network communication. Part of the system administrator requirements include being responsible for taking care of the backup and recovery policy.
System administrator requirements include updating the new version of OS and application software, along with executing the policies for the use of the computer system and network. Additionally, system administrator requirements include setting up security policies for users and taking care of identity management.
The System Administrator takes care of the user accounts, permissions, access rights, and storage allocations. They offer technical support and troubleshoot any hardware and software problems related to server and storage devices. The professional will handle issues concerning application and database server operations. They do thorough research on upcoming products, service protocols, and standards in support of systems software procurement and development efforts. Additional IT system administrator requirements include the following:
- Installing, configuring and maintain servers and networks;
- Overseeing system performance and troubleshooting issues;
- Creating a backup and safeguarding the data if there are any hindrances;
- Performing system upgrades following new releases;
- Maintaining internal documentation through Wiki;
- Performing account setup;
- Sustaining network integrity, server deployment, and security;
- Monitoring and maintaining network servers such as file servers, VPN gateways and intrusion detection systems; and
- Ensuring high-level security and efficiency resulting in 100% output.
After opting for system administration as your career path, it is mandatory that you select a relevant bachelor’s degree. The basic requirement is a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information system management, information technology or other related fields. However, other degree programs with an emphasis on hardware, computer networks, and system administration do exist. Plus, as a system administrator, you can focus on different networks like Wide Area Network (WAN), Local Area Network (LAN), as well as several types of servers like mail servers, file servers, etc.
- Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE)
- Oracle Linux System Administrator (Oracle)
- Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
- CompTIA Server+
- VMware Certified Professional 6- Data Center Virtualization
The Indeed Salary estimate states that the average System Administrator salary ranges from approximately $66,231 to $90,012 per year based on experience. According to Payscale the average system administrator salary is $60,662 yearly and $23.13 hourly in the United States. Additionally, Glassdoor reports the average system administrator salary is $78,322 per year.
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, there is going to be a steady growth in the job opportunities for the next two years. The prediction in the previous reports states about 12 percent growth, where the current report depicts only 6 percent of growth. The job market has witnessed a dip of 6 percent in recent times. It is stated that increased automation is partly responsible for this decline in growth.
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