A system administrator is a professional who is held accountable for network setup, servers such as mail servers and file servers, and much more. Based upon an organization’s requirements and other IT-related infrastructure, a system administrator is tasked with providing a reliable work environment, particularly whereby multi-user computers are associated with the LAN network.
The professional should have an in-depth understanding of computer software, hardware, and networks. The System Administrator has to design, organize, modify and support the organization’s computer systems. The professionals have to upgrade and manage the software and hardware. They should handle any issues related to Local Area Networks (LAN), Wide Area Networks, and Network segments. It is the System Administrator who maintains operating systems, business applications, security tools, web-servers, email, laptop, and desktop PCs.
In an organization, every task that is performed by the system administrator requires an uninterrupted internet connection, which is also checked by the system administrator. For example, the successful sending and receiving of work emails happen only when mail servers are working fine. Similarly, the file server is a hub for saving and managing the data and, it supports the data usage by other computers that are using the same network.
The primary task of the System Administrator is system monitoring. Usually, the professional take care of new accounts set-up and active directory administration. They keep track of the server performance and create designs for computer systems. They are responsible for running reports on system performance. The professionals will optimize processes and lead process improvement.
The System Administrator will collaborate and offer necessary technical support for firewall and network system. The professional takes charge of the staff, user credentials, and frameworks. The will make sure that the systems are safe and secure from breach or viruses. The System Administrator plays an essential role in risk mitigation planning. They design and implement training for staff.
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The System Administrator Job involves ensuring that the peripherals are in proper working condition. The professionals have to quickly arrange for replacement or resolve the issues in case of any hardware failure. They have to create file systems and manage network communication. It is the System Administrator to take care of the backup and recovery policy.
The professionals must update the new version of OS and application software. The System Administrator has to execute the policies for the use of the computer system and network. They have set up security policies for users and take care of identity management.
The System Administrator takes care of the user accounts, permissions, access rights, and storage allocations. They offer technical support and troubleshoot any hardware and software problems related to server and storage devices. The professional will handle issues concerning application and database server operations. They do thorough research on upcoming products, service protocols, and standards in support of systems software procurement and development efforts. The other responsibilities include the following:
- Installing, configuring and maintain servers and networks;
- Overseeing system performance and troubleshooting issues;
- Creating a backup and safeguarding the data if there are any hindrances;
- Performing system upgrades following new releases;
- Maintaining internal documentation through Wiki;
- Performing account setup;
- Sustaining network integrity, server deployment, and security;
- Monitoring and maintaining network servers such as file servers, VPN gateways and intrusion detection systems; and
- Ensuring high-level security and efficiency resulting in 100% output.
After opting for system administration as your career path, it is mandatory that you select a relevant bachelor’s degree. The basic requirement is a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information system management, information technology or other related fields. However, other degree programs with an emphasis on hardware, computer networks, and system administration do exist. Plus, as a system administrator, you can focus on different networks like Wide Area Network (WAN), Local Area Network (LAN), as well as several types of servers like mail servers, file servers, etc.
- Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE)
- Oracle Linux System Administrator (Oracle)
- Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
- CompTIA Server+
- VMware Certified Professional 6- Data Center Virtualization
The Indeed Salary estimate states that on an average System Administrator salary ranges from approximately $66,231 per year for Administrator to $90,012 per year for Senior Systems Administrator. According to Payscale, for this position, the professionals earn about $60,662 yearly and $23.13 hourly in the United States. As per Glassdoor the average salary for this job is $78,322 per year.
As per the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, there is going to be a steady growth in the job opportunities for the next two years. The prediction in the previous reports states about 12 percent growth, where the current report depicts only 6 percent of growth. The job market has witnessed a dip of 6 percent in recent times. It is stated that increased automation is partly responsible for this decline in growth.
How Field Engineer is helpful
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