A system administrator is a professional who is held accountable for network setup, servers such as mail servers and file servers, and much more. Based upon an organization’s requirements and other IT-related infrastructure, a system administrator is tasked with providing a reliable work environment, particularly whereby multi-user computers are associated with the LAN network.
In an organization, each and every task that is performed by the system administrator requires an uninterrupted internet connection, which is also checked by the system administrator. For example, the successful sending and receiving of work emails happen only when mail servers are working fine. In a similar manner, the file server is a hub for saving and managing the data and, it supports the data usage by other computers that are using the same network.
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The Key Responsibilities of a System Administrator
A system administrator is tasked with performing the following:
- Installing, configuring and maintain servers and networks;
- Overseeing system performance and troubleshooting issues;
- Creating a backup and safeguarding the data if there are any hindrances;
- Performing system upgrades following new releases;
- Maintaining internal documentation through Wiki;
- Performing account setup;
- Sustaining network integrity, server deployment and security;
- Monitoring and maintaining network servers such as file servers, VPN gateways and intrusion detection systems; and
- Ensuring high-level security and efficiency resulting in 100% output.
After opting for system administration as your career path, it is mandatory that you select a relevant bachelor’s degree. The basic requirement is a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information system management, information technology or other related fields. However, other degree programs with an emphasis on hardware, computer network, and system administration do exist. Plus, as a system administrator, you can focus on different networks like Wide Area Network (WAN), Local Area Network (LAN), as well as several types of servers like mail servers, file servers, etc.
When talking about salary, several points should be taken into consideration – the employee’s nature and location. On average, the salary range for a fulltime system administrator is $22/hour to $32/hour. However, the contingent salary range is $29/hour to $40/hour.
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